The Guide to CNC Router Parts

Table of Contents

The Guide to CNC Router Parts

Different Types of CNC Machines

Different Types of CNC Machines

CNC machines are commonly used in manufacturing industries to create products that are made out of metal, plastic or wood materials. These machines are largely used in the automotive industry, aerospace industry, plastics, and food processing among other industries.

This article will discuss different types of Computer Numerically Controlled (CNC) machines and their use cases. It will also cover the different types of CNC machine tools and their functions.






CNC Turning is a machine tool process in which the workpiece is held by a chuck and spindle and cut from a solid block of material using a rotating cutter bit.

CNC turning process that essentially relies on computer-aided design (CAD) for generating the toolpaths.

The use of CNC Turning has been growing in recent years, especially for the manufacturing industry. This has been achieved by various factors such as reduced production time, reduced machine setup time, increased material accuracy and precision, low noise levels etc.

CNC lathes are used in numerous industries, such as metalworking, woodworking, plastics and more. They enable faster production and better quality control.

CNC Lathe machines consist of a computer (or controller) and a spindle that produces motion. The controller is the brain of the machine and it converts the digital instructions into motion.

The best way to explain how CNC lathe machines work is to think about them like an assembly line. Instead of humans controlling the machine with hand tools, such as clamps or vises, computers do all the work for them by putting together virtual parts in a digital environment.

CNC milling is a computer-controlled machine tool that can produce very complex shapes on metal. It is mostly used for the production of parts in the auto, aerospace, and medical industries.

CNC milling is also known as Computer Numerically Controlled machining or numerical control. This type of machining has been around since the 1950s and has experienced substantial advancements over time. CNC milling can be used to create intricate shapes with high surface quality and precision that are difficult to achieve by other methods.


Compared with CNC turning, CNC milling, especially 5 axis milling can be used to create complex 3D shapes or to apply a machined surface or features to parts made both plastics and metals. The advantage of multi-axis milling machines makes CNC milling process versatile, as well as accurate and repeatable, for creating many different types of part features of complex geometries. Example include holes, curves, slots, angled shapes, and channels. Milling is also ideal for making tooling for pressure die casting and plastic injection molding.

Here are the top reasons why many companies are adopting the CNC Milling technology:

1) The process is more efficient than other manufacturing methods;

2) It allows for enhanced creativity;

3) It offers greater flexibility;

4) High productivity rates;

5) Reduced labor cost

CNC laser engraving is a process where lasers are used to cut away the material of certain shapes. Laser beams are used to cut material with great accuracy without generating heat or sparks.

CNC laser engraving is considered the most versatile form of cutting, since it can be used for any type of product. It is also very cost-effective and can usually cut materials like aluminum, brass, wood, stainless steel, titanium and more.


Electrical discharge machining (EDM), also known as spark machining, spark eroding, die sinking, wire burning or wire erosion,

CNC EDM stands for Computer Numerically Controlled EDM. It is a machine that used to produce different types of materials such as steel, aluminum, copper and other metals by using a computer numerical control (CNC) system.

The machine is generally used for producing large quantities of steel or aluminum bars in a single operation, or for making complex shapes in the metal. It can also be used for making various parts such as disks and gears.

What is a CNC Router?

A CNC Router is a computer-controlled machine that cuts and shapes raw materials like wood, plastic, and metal. It is also used for cutting fabric, paper, or foam.

The material is moved through the tool by a spindle and it is guided by an x-y table to move the tool. There are three main components of a CNC Router: The spindle, the cutter head, and the x-y table, with accuracy up to 0.0001 inch in either direction. This enables CNC Router to cut shapes like circles or complex shapes like boxes or spheres; 

CNC Router is quite popular nowadays because of its versatility and power in terms of finishing projects faster than conventional methods can do; however, there are some downsides to the CNC Router as well. For example, an operator has to be present at all times when using this machine because they need to make sure that it is running efficiently and safely.

How does a CNC Router work?

CNC routers are great for making intricate designs with intricate curves, complex shapes, and complex patterns that can be difficult to make by hand. They use them to create parts for cars, motorcycles, and even planes.

The benefits of using a CNC router are that it is faster than manual tools because it doesn’t require hands-on attention. It is also easier to use because the machine only needs to travel in one direction instead of two. Its major downside is that it requires a lot of space because the machine must be able to move in any direction without limits.

CNC Router Applications:

While CNC routers are typically used for cutting wood, they can also be used for other materials. These routers are commonly used in product design and prototyping because of their speed and precision.

The CNC router is a powerful machine that produces high-resolution parts with amazing accuracy and speed. This machine is very useful for prototypes and production runs because it uses computer-aided design (CAD) software to create customized, patterned surfaces based on a model or design.

The different types of CNC routers and they can be applied to different industries like product design, prototyping, aerospace engineering, automotive engineering and more.

How much to make CNC Router Parts?

The price of cnc router parts is typically determined by the complexity and size of the part. This means that a simple part such as a drill bit will be cheaper than a complicated part such as a milling machine.

The cost of cnc router parts varies depending on the material used, the complexity of the part, and its size.

The cost of making a part can be broken down into two main factors: material cost and manufacturing time. These two factors are separate but intimately connected.

Material costs are what you have to pay for the raw materials that you will use in manufacturing your cnc router part. Manufacturing time is the actual amount of time it takes to make a part with CNC machinery.

How much to make CNC Router Parts

When you wondering How much to make CNC Router Parts? You can estimate a wood cnc router part could be as low as $3.00 ~ $30.00 to start for your custom design part projects.

Author: Mose Li

Author: Mose Li

Director of Project Engineering at 3Q Machining

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